Large U.S. cities are constantly seeing population growth trends, but based on economic growth, the predicted fastest growing cities are in India. India has the second highest population in the world, following China, with over 1 billion residents, according to World Population Review.
In terms of economic growth, Indian cities are quickly increasing based on annual gross domestic product (GDP). According to World Economic Forum, Surat, India, “will have the fastest economic growth in the world.” Surat is a large city in the state of Gujarat known for its diamond processing and trading, as well as its IT sector.
Surat is expected to have an average annual GDP growth rate of 9.2% by 2035. In 2018 pricing, this is an increase from $28.5 billion in 2018 to $126.8 billion by 2035. India is even expected to grow faster than China in 2019 at a rate of 1.2% higher.
“India’s dominance of the list of fastest-growing cities illustrates the broader theme of the tipping of economic might from West to East,” the article states. “India now makes up 15% of global growth, fueled by reforms, foreign investment and strong domestic demand.”
This Google Earth Engine Timelapse of Surat, India, shows geographic change from 1984 to 2016. It illustrates the population growth of the city, which has led to its massive economic growth.